Thursday, May 13, 2010

Ecological impact of Industrial Agriculture

Farming In good old days…
Good Agricultural Practices are a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products, while taking into account economical, social and environmental sustainability.
Farms in the past were not as specialized in the past as they are today; crop rotation is a very important aspect of good agricultural practices. Crop rotation helps with nitrogen input into the soils, naturally protects plants from pest because it break their life cycles, and rotating crops helps protect the farm against changes in weather. Also farms were usually worked on by a family and were a very sociable lifestyle. All though these farms yielded stable production, they cannot compete with more modern farms yields
Modern Farm…
Modern farms today aren’t as specialized, using monoculture methods. These Farms today create higher yields of crops and better quality. This works better for our growing need for food and our dependence on convenience. However these farms create a magnitude of problems. These types of farms rely wholly on pesticides creating a number of environmental problems. This farming method also creates a very open eco system instead of a naturally closed ecosystem. Technological innovations have been working on increasing farming yields but most crops have been pushed to their maximum output and scientist are looking into methods such as cloning. Problems that may occur from such methods are unsure but if it brings about anything close to the problems monoculture farms cause food production may need to revise the direction it is headed.

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